The People’s Republic of China, commonly known as China, is located in East Asian, and borders 14 nations of any other county in the world.
It is the most populous state in the world with a 1.5 billion citizens, while the world’s population is 6.8 billion that means other every 5 people in the world one is Chinese. China is made of 56 distinctive ethnic groups with Han Chinese making the 92% of its whole population
China is a single party state governed by the Communist party of China whose power is enshrined in Chinese constitution. Though China is officially an atheist country, its religious roots lie within Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism and from these, most social and moral values are derived. There are also a significant number of Chinese Muslims who arrived via the Silk Road trade route and still retain their distinct culture.
China is one of the word oldest civilizations trading back more than 5000 years and was ruled by successive dynasties until 1912. During these times, many great discoveries in fields of science and technology ere made, including the invention of printing, paper gun power and compass.
This period also saw the construction of many landmarks, such as the Great Wall which stretches over 4000 miles, equals to 30 return travels from London to Paris.
After a period of region occupation and civil war, the communist party of China led by Mao gained control of mainland of China in 1949 and established People’s Republic of China.
The modern China of today is as much shaped by its past as its rapidly looking to the future, while many of its big cities are comparable to any in the west. The underlying culture is still vastly different.
Traveling outside urban areas also highlights the growing disparity between rich and poor.